Lead-Water Conflict in Newark

Officials insist that lead contamination is under control; residents remain doubtful
NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, OCTOBER 13TH, 2019 ASSIGNMENT #03 NEWARK WATER CRISIS: A Newark resident’s Pur water filter in her kitchen. -Photo by Jaydeen DeCambre

In his footed pajamas, three-year-old Bryce Thomas leaned forward on his tippy toes, just managing to see his own reflection in the bathroom mirror. One hand clutched the sink, the other held his toothbrush while his mom, Shakima Thomas handed him a fresh bottle of water to rinse his mouth. For Newark residents like the Thomases, simple tasks like brushing their teeth have become difficult chores.  

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, OCTOBER 13TH, 2019 ASSIGNMENT #03 NEWARK WATER CRISIS: Shakima Thomas’ son, Bryce brushes his teeth with a bottle of water to avoid using the lead contaminated water from his bathroom sink. -Photo by Jaydeen DeCambre

Newark’s water crisis began 6 years ago when elevated levels of lead were discovered in the city’s water. As a result, the city shut down drinking water in 30 public schools and sent samples to New Jersey’s Department of Environmental Protection for further tests. And discovered that 24 homes test above 50 parts per billion between July 2018 and December 2018 as Newark violates the federal action level for the fourth time in 2 years.

Newark has gained national attention in the media after Flint, Michigan’s publicized water crisis and many have called Newark “the next Flint.” Nearly identical to Flint, Newark has been dealing with lead-contaminated water since 2014. Flint is home to a predominantly black, working class community. Many residents of both cities feel that officials did not convey the gravity of the situation. 

It takes time to figure out what the true dangers are…

Mark Di Ionno, Newark’s Communication Director

Back in October 2019, Newark’s Mayor, Ras Baraka announced that the city would end the distribution of bottled water to Newark residents citing the effectiveness of the city-issued water filters . Pregnant women and families with children under the age of six can still receive bottled water. Some residents are reluctant to trust city officials and have been using their own money to purchase water bottles.

Mayor Ras J. Baraka held a ticketed town hall meeting in early October. Prior to the event, the city welcomed residents to come early for the Newark Department of Health and Community Wellness Health Fair. During the meeting, a panel of experts held an open discussion to the public in regards to the residents’ questions and concerns. Mayor Baraka expressed his anger with the negative press of his City. He felt it tarnished Newark’s reputation.

Baraka focused much of his speech on demanding that the press leave his city alone. “Talk about me and my family, leave my damn city alone,” said Baraka.

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, OCTOBER 2ND, 2019 ASSIGNMENT #03 NEWARK WATER CRISIS: Kareem Adeem, Newark Dept. of Water & Sewer, Acting Director, compares diameter of lead pipe line used at residential homes to wider pipes used in apartment buildings at The State of Water Town Hall meeting. -Photo by Jaydeen DeCambre

Newark’s Communication Director Mark Di Ionno says the water problem has been falsely portrayed in the media. The mayor’s office believes that the situation is under control. “It takes time to figure out what the true dangers are,” said Di Ionno.

The danger is concerning for Newark residents as their children are testing positive for lead contamination. A recent study found that 2.5% of kids across the state between six months and 26 months old showed high blood levels in 2017, according to a study by the New Jersey Department of Health. Of that percentage, the highest numbers came from Newark, where 281 children tested between the ages of six months and 26 months showed high levels of lead in their blood.

“It’s scary, I don’t know what the future will bring for my son and the long-term impact this will have on his mental development,” said Thomas who feels like she has failed her son.

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, OCTOBER 13TH, 2019 ASSIGNMENT #03 NEWARK WATER CRISIS: Shakima Thomas and her son Bryce stand on the porch of their Newark home. -Photo by Jaydeen DeCambre

Exposure to high levels of lead can cause damage to the brain, blood and kidneys. Children who have been exposed to lead have been shown to have behavior problems: lower IQ, hearing loss, learning abilities, decreased bone and muscle growth, damage to the nervous system, and abnormal function and damage to their kidneys. Low levels of lead exposure have been found to cause permanent damage. Adults exposed to lead may have: memory loss, lack of concentration, headaches, depression, high blood pressure, numbness and pain in the extremities of the nervous system, abnormal kidney function, for males a decreased sex drive and sperm count, and females have had spontaneous miscarriages.  

NEWARK, NEW JERSEY, OCTOBER 5TH, 2019 ASSIGNMENT #03 NEWARK WATER CRISIS: Members of New Afrikan Black Panther Party set-up to give away cases of water at the intersection of Hayes Street and Springfield Avenue. -Photo by Jaydeen DeCambre

Newark city officials are asking residents to use their water filters properly and be patient. “Don’t run hot water through the filter, don’t use it excessively, and it should last three months. If you do those things, you should be as safe as anyone,” said Di Ionno.  

Test results performed by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, and the U.S. EPA show that 97% to 99% of all PUR filters remove lead below the federal action level. The Environmental Protection Agency and other health authorities agree that there is no safe level of lead in water.

Residents don’t feel like they’re being supplied with a sufficient amount of clean water. “Two cases of water every two weeks isn’t enough,” said Thomas. “We use it for everything, brushing our teeth, cleaning, cooking,”

In August of 2019 the City of Newark has started a Lead Service Replacement Program that will replace nearly 18,000 lead service lines over the next 24 to 30 months. So far, they have replaced 3,723 of the affected lines.

Newark will continue to give out PUR water filters and replacement cartridges at three recreation centers across the city: 387 Lyons Avenue, 916 South Orange Avenue, and 201 Bloomfield Avenue. Families with children under six years of age and pregnant women can pick up two cases of bottled water every two weeks – Monday through Friday.

Many residents like Thomas feel that the city won’t be transparent with them moving forward. As for now, city officials say they are working towards a long term solution and suggest residents follow all safety precautions.

Jaydeen DeCambre is a senior at Montclair State University majoring in Communication and Media Arts. She is also a resident of Newark, NJ. She chose to report on lead contamination in Newark because clean water is a right and Newarkers deserve the truth.

Cassidy Layton is currently a senior at Montclair State University, with plans to graduate this upcoming May. She chose to do a report on the led contamination in Newark water to bring awareness to an important, unnoticed crisis.

Ashley Cusicanqui is a senior at Montclair State University and is majoring in Television and Digital Media. She chose to report on Newark’s lead water crisis to inform the public about the dangerous and confusing time Newark residents are facing.

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